Stonehenge is undoubtedly one of the most famous landmarks in the UK. It attracts hundreds of Builders North Wales thousands of tourists each year who are attracted by its unique formation, and hope to discover more about its history.
Stonehenge got its name from its design. This being a circle crafted from stone within much larger concentric circles. The term henge originates from the archaeological name for a specific kind of Neolithic formation. A henge usually includes a circular or oval shape with an enclosed ditch and a central section of flat ground. The formations do not always have to be composed of stone; they could have been made of wood. Stonehenge is not typical of a henge construction as its circular ditches are on the outside of the main stone circle but nevertheless the term has stuck. The diameter of Stonehenge is approximately 110 metres, a stone circular design less than 20 metres in diameter is categorised as a mini-henge
It is only up to in recent years that scientists have been able to identify where the stone came from that was chosen to construct the monument. Assorted stone samples were collected and analysed and scientists have managed to determine where in the UK these samples came from. The location is a 70 metre section of rock outcropping in Craig Rhos-y-Felin, near Pont Saeson in North Pembrokeshire. This area is five miles from where scientists think a number of huge monoliths came from. Both of these areas are about 160 miles from where Stonehenge is located in Wiltshire, and this has inspired much discussion as to how these huge sections of stone were transported. Furthermore, it makes one question why this specific rock type was so significant? Why did they travel so far to mine this rock when others must have been accessible nearer to the building of the formation?
There have been numerous theories around how the stones were transferred to Wiltshire with some archaeologists claiming that they were transported by sea or using wooden rollers. However others have questioned this by stating that the wooden rollers would have sunk into the mud and the trenches required to use them would have left depressions on the landscape. Likewise problems came about when researchers tried to reproduce the methods for the stones to be transported by sea. A number of the Bluestones placed in the stone circle are very big and weigh up to four tonnes. The experts had great difficulty lifting the stones onto the ships, leading to many ships sinking or capsizing.